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The Evoluton of Soccer Shoes

Soccer shoes, or soccer boots, existed in the days of King Henry VIII.  In those days, they were leather boots with no cleats or studs.  They were literally boots.  That means they supported and protected the ankle, too.  Todays soccer shoes are very different than the kings, but the evolution of soccer shoes is very interesting.

In the late 1800s the rules of soccer changed.  Until 1891, blades or studs were not allowed on soccer boots.  At the end of the 19th century that all changed.  At that time, the blades and studs were made of leather and they could not be bigger than one half inch.  They were hammered onto the boots.  Players usually had more than one pair of soccer shoes so that they could change the length of the cleat to meet field requirements.

In the 1950s Adidas introduced the screw in studs for soccer shoes.  Certainly, this was good because a player could change cleats instead of shoes.  There is some recent controversy about this invention.  Puma claims they created the screw in stud before Adidas.  Whether they did or not really isnt important to the evolution of the shoe.  In fact, in the 1950s, soccer was still played in a boot that protected the ankle.

It wasnt until the next decade that the South Americans started playing in soccer shoes instead of soccer boots.  Shoes were more flexible and lighter, and they offered more control.  As the boot became a shoe, the cleats also advanced.  Today they are molded to the bottom of the shoe, and technology is ever changing to meet the needs of the game.  Studs are no longer seen, but the cleats are blades, instead.  The uppers on the shoes are often made of lighter materials than leather.  The soccer shoe evolves with each season as technology keeps up with athleticism.

Ice Skates And Roller Skates – A Parallel History

Ice skates and roller skates have mirrored each other for centuries. The first pair of roller skates, known as “dry land skates” was created in Holland in the late 1700s by a Dutch inventor who wanted to skate in the summer after the canals had thawed. Since then, both ice and roller skates have taken inspiration from each other.

Both skates started out as blades or wheels on a platform that attached to the shoes, and eventually morphed into fitted leather boots. Blades or wheels on metal plates could then be riveted on to the sole of the boot. Boots were typically made of soft leather that broke in easily, and were intended for recreational or light-duty skating. Area skating was a popular pastime until the 1980s when roller hit its peak in the disco era. Ice and roller skates were nearly identical, the main difference being that roller skate wheels were set in pairs, now referred to as “quads.”

Both types of skates evolved immensely in the 80s with the fitness craze and outdoor skating taking the place of jogging. Quads were seen as clunky and uncomfortable. Inline skates were created to mimic hockey skates, enabling roller skaters to perform similar quick moves and footwork. Ice skating boots were made out of plastic, letting beginners skate easily without ankle strain, and buckles and Velcro replaced tedious laces.

By the 1990s, artistic quad roller-skating made a comeback, and was popular with figure skaters. The PIC and Triax companies came out with inline roller figure skates, which are lighter and shorter than traditional inline skates. The latest version includes a toe stop for advanced maneuvers, letting the skater execute jumps and spins without the ice.

The Necessity of Clothing: Athletics

Its the sag of skin, bones stuffed with sweet sugar: a body is shifting toward apathy. Athletics were once pursued but have been forgotten. A routine is too demanding now to indulge in them, gives all free moments instead to relaxing.

This must stop now.

Sports must be rediscovered and doing this requires a change in lifestyle, scheduling and even clothing choices: with athletic apparel selected to offer aid.

Breath-ability

Its the cling of perspiration, the awkward slither of heat across skin: your body is flushed from movement, muscles burning with every unrelenting twist. The battle against calories is an essential one; but sweat-laced fabric can make that battle all too tedious. Breath-ability is therefore essential. Athletic clothing should be tailored to convenience, with threads that support ventilation.

Comfort

The world is defined by reflections. Truth is found in mirrors, with every flaw left exposed. Its all too easy therefore to wrap yourself in flattering cloth. Such flattery is unforgiving while exercising, however. All outfits must be comfortable, not merely fashionable (though Nike Athletic Clothing is seeking to combine the two). Fabrics should encourage motion, not posing.

Distinction

The quest for change is a long one, siphoning hours from each day, demanding diligence. A body is not merely stimulated; its transformed. Such transformation requires more than movement, however. It instead needs mental aid. The proper emotional state must be achieved before weight can be lost. Choosing athletic clothing helps to make that an easier thing: allowing you to create a correlation between specific fabrics and exercise. The response will be Pavlovian.

Weight loss is gained with the proper support. Athletic clothing ensures success.

The First Super Bowl

The history of Super Bowls is pretty common knowledge among sports fans.  Everyone knows that the Green Bay Packers and Kansas City Chiefs played the first big game.  However, there is interesting history attached to the first Super Bowl that many people may not know.

For instance, the first Super Bowl was not originally called a Super Bowl.  It was called the The First AFL-NFL World Championship Game.   Some people called it the Supergame, but it eventually became known as Super Bowl I.  The reason the game was played at all was because of the merger of the NFL and AFL.  Previously, these two football leagues did not play against each other.  They held two separate championships.

It was widely believed that the AFL teams were not as good as the NFL teams, so there was tremendous pressure on the Kansas City Chiefs to prove they were good enough to play an NFL team like the Green Bay Packers.  The Packers were the best team in the country.  Even so, their coach, Vince Lombardi, was reported to be so nervous he had to hang onto reporter Frank Gifford to control his shaking.  Kansas City Chiefs players reported that some of their team mates were so scared that day that they were throwing up on the way to the field.

As expected, Green Bay won.  The final score was 35 10.  It is the only Super Bowl that did not sell out.  There were complaints that the 12 dollar ticket price was just too high.  In todays standards, that is amazing, but in 1967, people wouldnt pay it.  Two of the major networks broadcast the game simultaneously.  CBS and NBC co-televised the first super bowl.  There were a few glitches during the game, but the real tragedy is that most of the footage was erased by both stations because they wanted to reuse their video tape for something else.

Ice Hockey: A Popular American Pastime

Ice hockey is a type of sport that originated in Canada. The exact origination is unclear; it is thought that ice hockey was first played during the early nineteenth century in Nova Scotia, Quebec and Ontario. However, the rules for the game were first established in Montreal during the latter part of the century. Sine then, the game has been picked up in the United States, were more rules have been enforced to keep the players safe and the game fair.

The United States was quick to pick up on the game of hockey. Since Canada the U.S. and the two countries have generally been on good terms in recent history, it is no wonder that American citizens adopted the sport so quickly. Artificial ice rinks led the way for the sport of ice hockey in the U.S. In fact, the very first ice rink was opened in Baltimore during the 1880s.

During the following decade, American colleges formed ice hockey teams. Teams competed with other colleges throughout the United States, as well as those that resided in Canada. Canadian teams had a leading edge on American teams, due to the fact that they were more skilled and experienced with the sport. Ice hockey soon spilled into the professional level in the United States. In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans beat Canadian teams for the Stanley Cup trophy.

Since its introduction into the United States, hockey has increased in popularity. Artificial ice rinks have made it possible for the game to be played in all parts of the country, even warm places such as Florida and Texas.

How to Become a Sports Journalist

Many children dream of being professional athletes, but the truth is only a very small percentage will ever realize those dreams. A passion for sports will only take you so far. However, if you also have a talent for communicating and a love for researching and writing, sports journalism may be the perfect career option for you.

Being a sports journalist is not easy. Like any other competitive industry, it involves a rigorous commitment and a long period of paying dues. There are many steps you can take to get into the field of sports journalism, but before you even begin you will want to decide if you are ready to dedicate a large portion of your life to the field. Also, it cannot be understated that education is key. You will need to ask yourself, Am I willing to take the classes needed to earn my degree in journalism?

If you have the drive and get the proper education, the following tips can prove useful as you get into the field of sports journalism:

Start Small

Youre not going to get the best assignments or make the big bucks starting out. Be willing to take whatever work you can as you build a name for yourself. See if your local newspaper has an opening for someone to cover high school or college sports.

Develop a Thick Skin

Everyone is going to be a critic of what you write; many will be quick to voice their displeasure when they disagree with you. Dont take it personally.

Continue to Evolve

Take opportunities to become a better writer wherever you find them, even in non-sports related fields.

A Chronicle of American Bats

Major league baseball bats must adhere to stringent standards.  For instance, bats may not be wider than 2.75 inches or longer than 42 inches.  They must be made of one piece of smooth solid wood.  Bat handles can be covered or treated to improve the grip, but that covering or treatment cannot extend to a length that exceeds 18 inches.  Yet even with these standards, major league baseball bats differ in weight, wood, and length.

Todays bat regulations have evolved over time from the games first organized competitions in the 1840s.  When the players assembled to play baseball at Elysian Field in Hoboken, New Jersey on June 19, 1846 there were no standards for baseball bats.  Each player brought and often crafted his own bat and not all of them were round.

In those early years, players soon discovered that the best bats were made from wagon tongue wood (typically hickory or ash).  Players also learned that the bigger the batting surface, the better they hit. So big bats were the rule until 1859 when the Baseball Governing Committee voted to limit the width of the bat to 2.5 inches.

The next major improvement to baseball bats came during the Civil War years when players began to wrap the handles of the bats to improve their control.  Then following the end of the war, the Baseball Governing Committee imposed a rule that required all baseball bats to be no longer than 42 inchesa rule that remains in effect today.

Perhaps the best-known story of the baseball bats evolution is the story of the Louisville Slugger.  In 1884, famed slugger Pete Browning broke his bat during a game.  Watching from the stands was a young woodworker named John Hillerich who thought he could improve upon  the bats design.  After the game, he approached Browning and together they redesigned the bat. The story goes that the next day Browning hit three for three, and the bat that came to be known as the Louisville Slugger became the standard.